Wanborough Parish Trees

Wanborough Parish has a diverse landscape made up of marsh land in the north and open chalky plains to the south, all interconnected with networks of fields used for growing crops or grazing. This diversity has led to the growth of many tree types in our verges. We are very lucky to have a number of trees in the Parish noteworthy enough to have Tree Protection Orders (TPOs) on them. Having two conservation areas also means that all the trees, located within the conservation areas, automatically have protected status too.

New trees are planted regularly at various places around the parish. A new wood is being planted in fields to the right of Pack Hill, called Pack Hill Wood, on land owned by Swindon Borough Council. Warneage Wood, located between Rotten Row and Burycroft is owned by the Woodland Trust. Recently a new orchard was planted here by Wanborough school children and local residents. These trees form part of the Great Western Forest. Wanborough Parish Council have also been central to a replanting scheme in the two recreation areas of the Lower Recreation Field and Church Meadow using native species to help boost the number of trees in these locations.

We hope our database of identified trees within the parish will help you to learn which species are thriving here. If you spot a tree that is not listed then take a photo and let us know where it is. Remember many of our trees pre-date us by many years and will survive, with our care, for many years after we are gone. They are our legacy to future generations and deserve our care and respect.

What is a Tree Protection Order (TPO)
A tree protection order (TPO) is a part of town and country planning in the United Kingdom. A TPO is made by a local planning authority (usually a local council) to protect specific trees or a particular area, group or woodland from deliberate damage and destruction. For more information on TPOs follow this link to the Swindon Borough Council Website.

Database of Trees found in Wanborough Parish
Below is a database of trees and shrubs found growing in the parish hedgerows, public spaces and planted woodlands. It does not include non-native species planted in gardens, unless those trees have a tree protection order on them. If you spot a tree or plant that has not been included and feel that it should be, please send photographs of the whole plant, leaves, flowers and fruit if possible and let us know where you found it.

Follow this link to The Woodland Trust tree identification app.

Tree

Highlighted = more pictures

Leaves

Flowers

Identifying Cone, Fruit, Nut or Seed

Apple

There are a number of varieties of apple trees around the parish, including eating, cooking and crab apples, we have not included them all here. Cider was once a popular beverage produced in the parish and there were many orchards providing apples for the purpose. Warneage Wood contains 2 of our orchards, many apple trees can be found across the parish in gardens and hedgerows.

Ash

These tall trees are found across the parish. Anyone with a maturing tree nearby will have saplings growing in the garden somewhere.

Beech

Often used in hedging as the dead leaves in autumn often remain in place until the spring. If left to grow these become very large trees

Beech trees can have green or red (copper) leaves. In this parish we have the green leaved variety mainly found in hedges around The Beanlands and Magdallen Road

Photo to follow

Photo to follow

Produce a small spikey hard seedcase that contains 1 or 2 little beech nuts that are triangular, flat at one end and pointed at the other

Photo to follow

Cherry

There are a number of varieties of cherry trees around the parish, loved for their fruit and flowers, we have not included them all here. Often found in gardens.

Cherries are a challenge to photograph as the birds usually get to them first!

Blackthorn

Found across the parish, popular in the autumn as Blackthorn produces sloes for Sloe Gin. Normally found in hedgerows. Very similar fruit to a Bullace, which is a very small plum. To tell the difference look closely at the fruit, plums have bums!

Chestnut – Horse

Also known as the conker due to the little brown nuts produced in the Autumn. These trees are very tall and can be found mainly in Upper Wanborough

Chestnut – Sweet

The chestnut, a small fruit found inside the spikey seed case, is edible and used in many Christmas sweet and savoury dishes.

Cyprus

Also known as Leylandii, used extensively for hedges these trees can grow into very large specimens, many of which can be spotted around the parish.

Elder

Both flowers and fruit can be used to make cordials and wine. These little trees grow extensively in our hedgerows and are a beautiful sight in the spring when they flower

Elm

The last standing great Elm in Wiltshire used to stand in the Church Meadow, and its remains are still there. We have an abundance of saplings in the hedgerows around the parish however none ever reach maturity.

Photo to follow

Forsythia

Popular hedging shrub due to the bright yellow flowers in Spring. These plants are very easy to propagate you just take a cutting, pop it in the ground and it will grow.

Photo to follow

Has a little brown seed case that splits in 2 in the autumn

Photo to follow

Hawthorn

The bright red fruit of these little trees are highly sought after by the Fieldfares and Redwings in the late autumn and winter. Dotted all over the parish particularly in the hedgerows.

Hazel

Originally grown for coppicing to produce baskets, hurdles, plant supports etc. Hazels are found in some of our public green spaces, hedgerows and in a worked hazel coppice in Warneage Wood

Difficult to find if there are squirrels about!

Holly

Popular for decorating homes at Christmas these spikey trees can be found in some gardens and St Andrews Churchyard.

Photo to follow

Larch

These deciduous trees have pines for leaves. 2 tall examples can be found in Upper Wanborough, they also grow along the Eastern edge of the Parish

Photo to follow

Laurel

An evergreen shrub used in hedges around the parish, they can also grow into a very large tree if left. Plants propagate easily as they will root and grow wherever the branches touch the ground. Check out Kings Lane to see some larger plants.

Lilac

A pretty flowering shrub that can be found in gardens and Warneage Wood. Can have White Pink and purple flowers.

Photo to follow

Lime

These grow into very large trees that drop a sticky substance in the spring/summer. Check out Mayfield green space for a fine specimen

Photo to follow

Medlar

These trees grow a fruit that is also known as the "Dogs Bum Fruit". The fruits need to be left to rot before they are used for fruit jellies and cheeses. We have 3 trees are located in the old orchard in Warneage Wood.

Oak

There is one large protected Oak located in Adams Meadow, we also have several younger trees that have been planted in recent years around our green spaces. These will hopefully grow into large majestic tree for future generations to enjoy.

Photo to follow

Pine, Black

These are very tall evergreen trees with small comes. An example can be found in St Andrews churchyard

Plane

A large tree that grows a round seed head. Examples can be found in Mayfield and Church Meadow

Photo to follow

Plum

There are a number of varieties of plum trees around the parish, including golden and cherry plum varieties and the Bullace. Of them all the Bullace is the easiest to find amongst our hedgerows but do not get confused with the very similar Sloe, both are deep purple with a blue blush, but plumbs have bums!

Photo to follow

Poplar – White

Found mainly in Church Meadow we have a number of very tall specimens surrounded by smaller saplings, the leaves shine bright white in the spring and summer

Photo to follow

Privet

This shrub is popular for hedges around the parish however it also grows wild up The Hollow, where it produces white flowers not normally seen on hedge plants which are often cut back in the spring.

Rowan

A smaller tree that produces bright red berries in the autumn. Can be seen in Mayfield and along the footpath between Kite Hill and Warneage Green.

Photo to follow

Silver Birch

These distinctive trees are so named as the trunk has a silver white bark. They produce an abundance of seeds in the autumn which produce an abundance of saplings nearby. There are a few of these trees dotted about the parish, two can be found on the green next to the church carpark.

Photo to follow

Spruce, Norwegian

Also known as Christmas trees, there are plenty of these in gardens around the village, some of which have grown into very large trees, they have long large cones which can be found on the ground around them.

Sycamore

These are very large trees that produce an abundance of seeds in the autumn. You can find them lining the road as you go up The Hollow.

Wayfaring

Found mainly in Warneage wood these trees produce clumps of pretty white flowers in the spring.

Has bright red berries in the autumn.

Photo to follow

Crack Willow

These trees like water so there are plenty of them growing around Warneage Wood and the Marsh. They are often pollarded. Good examples can be found near Wanborough Primary School along The Beanlands

Photo to follow

Photo to follow

Photo to follow

Goat Willow

As with all willows this tree loves water. It is best known for the fluffy male catkins. Stems are great for weaving baskets and plant supports if cut in the spring or soaked once dried. Specimens can be found around the pond at Hoopers Field

Photo to follow

Male catkin

Female flower Photo to follow

Photo to follow

White Willow – Weeping

These large trees have branches that drape to the floor, often found near water there is a good specimen by the spring off Ham Road.

Produces fluffy white seeds

Photo to follow

Yew

These trees are known to grow to a great age and are often found in churchyards, St Andrews has some, they are also found around Upper Wanborough and the High Street.

Produces a little red berry

Photo to follow